One cause of kidney failure is Diabetes, A disorder marked by high blood glucose (sugar) levels.
The millions of microscopic filtering units within each kidney are damaged over time by excessive amounts of sugar in the blood.
Kidney failure results as a result of this.
• Diabetes mellitus, a disorder marked by high blood glucose (sugar) levels, is one of the leading causes of kidney failure.
• High blood sugar levels destroy the millions of small filtering units within each kidney over time.
• There is no cure, and as the kidneys fail, treatment must become increasingly vigorous. • Treatment options include medicines, dialysis, and kidney transplantation.
Around 20 to 30 per cent of people with diabetes develop kidney disease (diabetic nephropathy), although not all of these will progress to kidney failure. A person with diabetes is susceptible to nephropathy whether they use insulin or not. The risk is related to the length of time the person has diabetes.
Symptoms of kidney failure
It may be years before the kidneys are damaged severely enough to cause symptoms. Some of the symptoms may include:
Fluid retention (oedema of the legs or face)
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There is no cure for diabetic nephropathy, and treatment is lifelong. Another name for the condition is diabetic glomerulosclerosis. People with diabetes are also at risk of other kidney problems, including narrowing of the arteries to the kidneys, called renal artery stenosis or renovascular disease.
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